About the european souslik and its conservation
The European ground squirrel – Spermophilus citellus (European souslik) is a small mammal from the squirrel family. It is endemic for the central and eastern parts of Europe.
Nowadays a big problem is the fragmentation of its communities. That damages the whole range of distribution. It is believed that, over the last ten years, the population has diminished by more than 30%. The souslik is an important part of the ecosystems, because this mammal is a main part of the trophic levels
Our research has demonstrated the success of these activities by finding living colonies of the species in all of the parks. In Bulgarka Nature Park(NP) the European souslik has found a suitable habitat in the southeastern slopes of Mount Ispolin at 600 m from the place of displacement. In Vrachanski Balkan Nature Park the colony spreads to the north on the eastern slopes of the mountain in the direction of the “Lokvite” subdivision. In Vitosha NP they have occupied an area of about 100 m from the site of release and in the Sinite Kamani NP a critically endangered existing colony has increased and shows vital indicators by occupying new territories about 1 km from the site of reintroduction.
The research is part of the dissertation of Maria Kacamakova (IBEI – BAS) with the scientific coordinator Dr. Yordan Koshev on “Adaptation of the European souslik (Spermophilus citellus) in translocations of the individuals in Bulgaria”.
How can I help?
If you want to support our campaign, you can do it by taking part in one of these activities:
- Share with us your european souslik encounters at email@example.com or by phone: 0877764110. They will be useful for us and will take place in the national database.
- If you find damaged souslik collony by farming, urbanization etc., sign at firstname.lastname@example.org or contact us by phone: 0877764110. We will make everything necessary to solve the problem.
- You can donate money for buying land for souslik colonies. For every 500 BGN we will buy 1 daa grassland, where sousliks live. Our goal is to create unfragmented range, where the souslik collonies and communities are protected.